World Heritage (LE)
Kyoto Hikibaku 京都引箔 Collaborator : Nishimura Shoten 西村商店
Hikibaku (Japanese: ‘引箔’) is used as a material in Nishijin brand textiles. More specifically, the art of Hikibaku creates an abstract painting with depth and force by making full use of features such as foil (gold foil), glue blotting of paint and so on. This foil (Japanese paper) is cut into equal sizes of about 0.3mm and woven into the Nishijin textile fabric.
Louyang Sancai 洛陽三彩 Collaborator : Jackson Guo 郭家啟
Louyang Sancai (Chinese: 洛陽三彩 ‘three colours’) is a Chinese heritage pottery using glazes or slip, predominantly in the three colours of brown (or amber), green, and a creamy off-white. It is particularly associated with the Tang Dynasty (618–907) and its tomb figures, appearing around 700. Therefore, it is commonly referred to as 唐三彩 in Chinese.
It uses lead-glazed earthenware, and although two firings were needed, it was easier and therefore cheaper to make than Chinese porcelain or celadon, and suitable for making large figures, if necessary made up of several moulded sections assembled after a first firing.
The white may come from the natural colour of the fired clay, sometimes coated with a transparent glaze, or there may be a white slip. The brown and green colours came from adding metal oxides to a lead glaze, and in fact blues and blacks are also found. The blue came from adding imported cobalt, and was therefore more expensive and used sparingly, often on smaller pieces.
Sahari Orin 佐波理鳴物 Collaborator : Kazuya Nanjo 南條和哉
The art of Sahari Orin (Japanese: ‘佐波理鳴物’) is an alloy of tin, bronze has been imported to Japan 1300 years ago. Starting from Edo period (1603-1868) Buddhist altars (so called “Butsudan”) became common in almost every household in Japan. Every “butsudan” included a singing bowl – “Orin”.
It was believed that by making the orin chime one can communicate with Budha and “Stop the evil, purify the place and banish the demons”. “Sahari” stands for an alloy of bronze and tin, but only alloys with very high ratio of tin is considered true “Sahari”, created by a technique known since 1843. Only one item can be created of a single mold and 180 different techniques are involved, that make manufacturing of “Sahari” a time consuming and tedious process.
With the crucial contribution of Kazuya Nanjo, one of Japan’s prominent masters of Orin making, who uses the techniques of his forefathers – since 1839 in Kyoto; various phases of Orin making have been recorded for “Sound of Kyoto”. The tradition transferred through generations brings us the authentic sound that is able to calm down the heart and heal the soul. The sound of orin becomes even better as time passes by.
Sahari is an alloy based on copper that tin is blended to the limit to make tone and reverberation better. Nanjo Kobo(南條工房) is one of the few factories that adopts traditional and handmade skills of making sound instrument for religious rituals. They produce “Orin” (Buddhist bell used in temples or house) made of Sahari and also gongs whose tone and reverberation somehow makes you feel nostalgia and relax.
Affiliation in Japan